Rhodes University does not have a unit to deal with sexual offences.
Students on campus are signing a petition against alleged sexual harassment by private security.
Over 500 Wits students are signing a petition against the alleged sexual harassment by private security on campus hired to provide “operational control” in the face of fees protests.
“Wits University ought to be free space where females need not to worry about their safety,” says third-year BA student Mpho Ndaba, who started the petition.
The petition aims to raise awareness about sexual harassment on campus. Ndaba says the more female students he has spoken to, the more he realised that the harassment was being normalised.
According to Ndaba, students are not reporting these incidents because they think it’s normal or okay.
One of the students complaining, fourth-year BADA student Swankie Mafoko, says she was verbally harassed by the private security while she was reporting for VOW FM. Mafoko says she was inside Solomon House, when some security guards dressed in black and red came and stood behind her. The men started making sexual remarks about her body in a demeaning way.
She says she wasn’t bothered at first because she is used to catcalling at taxi ranks and other public spaces but she was shocked at the intensity of these guys’ remarks.
“What shocked me was when they were describing my breasts,” says Mafoko.
She says she was so shaken that she put on her denim jacket to cover her breasts and she immediately left without finishing her reporting.
“I panicked and walked away,” Mafoko says.
Mafoko says she did not report her incident because she didn’t see them and she doesn’t believe she can prove her victimisation.
“You can’t prove that kind of harassment on video, it’s my word against theirs,” Mafoko says.
Maria Wanyane, of the Wits Gender Equity office, says they have not received any official complaints about sexual harassment by private security so far.
Private security, who are mainly male, have been stationed on campus since October 2015 at a cost of nearly R2-million per month.
According to the Wits Gender Equity Office, sexual harassment doesn’t have to be physical. It can be any unwanted attention which can include heckling, whistling and catcalling.
“It’s important for everyone who has experienced any form of harassment to come forward and report it,” says Wanyane.
Wanyane says even if someone is harassed on campus by someone they don’t know, the unit has the power to view security footage and assist in identifying alleged perpetrators.
Wits Media Studies students are the latest to come forward to accuse a lecturer of improper conduct.
The university is facing a storm after the suspension last week of drama lecturer Tsepo wa Mamatu and Sunday Times’ report of sexual harassment allegations from a number of Wits students.
The controversy has resulted in debate among students, closed meetings between students and faculty of the drama department and promises by incoming vice-chancellor Adam Habib that the present system of reporting sexual harassment should change.
Now six students are claiming that they have also been at the mercy of improper conduct by a male lecturer in Media Studies.
Dr Last Moyo, a senior lecturer in Media Studies, is said to have made inappropriate suggestive comments to several of his students. Moyo has denied these accusations in an interview with the Wits Vuvuzela.
Former student Lombe Kabinga alleges uncomfortable physical contact during a consultation. She says she went to Moyo’s office to submit a summary in 2011, and he told her to put it in a box on his desk, which he was standing in front of.
“He stood close to a box that didn’t even have assignments in it. It just had like a random pile of books.” When bending over to place her summary in the box, Kabinga claims the lecturer casually touched her behind. The student claims to have quickly left the office and did not return for any further consultations. Soon after her ordeal Kabinga heard talk of other students who had experienced similar misconduct. “I found out such things happen in his office,” she said.
Moyo said the claims came as a shock as he had never heard of any allegations that pointed to him and improper conduct with students. “These allegations that are being made here are really unrealistic as far as my own personality and my own attitude with my students is concerned.”
He said that he supported efforts to curb sexual harassment on campus and felt that the allegation involving him touching a student was fabricated: “I’m an academic, I know what constitutes sexual harassment and I wouldn’t,” he said. “I’ve never in this office tried to touch any student or touched any student.” He said the allegations may have surfaced as a result of a miscommunication with students, and that it was easy to misinterpret friendly comments. Moyo said he was willing to apologise directly to students if any comments he made may have caused humiliation.
Kabinga is one of several students that said they had experienced inappropriate comments and uncomfortable behaviour from Moyo.
Facebook and email contact
Refilwe Kumalo, a third-year Media Studies student, says that she was going through personal issues in 2011 and often needed lecturer assistance. “I was going through some stuff so I often had to consult because sometimes I’d miss classes and submissions.” Kumalo claims that her lecturer started becoming personal and sexual, sending Facebook and BBM invites and even emails telling her that she was beautiful and that he wanted to know her better. “One time he tried to hug me during a consultation,” she said.
She says that Moyo invited her to his house on one occasion saying that his wife would be away. That’s when she decided it had to end. “I went to the SRC with it, but I’d deleted all messages so I had no proof,” she said. Kumalo claims that his behaviour impacted her class participation and attendance: “I mean, it’s difficult to go to a lecture when this man is staring at you.”
The consultation room
A former Witsie now studying at the University of KwaZulu-Natal was a first year student when she had a similar experience. She alleges that on several occasions the lecturer would invite students to his office for consultations, a practice that is normal of any university institution. But she and several other classmates began to find his behaviour inappropriate. She claims that after lectures “you would go to him to ask something so small and he’d say: ‘I’ll help you only if you come to my office.’ He was very sexual in that approach.”
His remarks left her feeling uncomfortable in lectures. Fearing that the behaviour would become explicit, the student took extreme measures to avoid all contact by dropping the module. “I went to his office and told him I couldn’t carry on anymore.” She claims that he discouraged her from dropping the module over something so small and said the matter could easily be solved.
A third year BA student, who chose to keep her identity hidden, says that in a consultation about her academics Moyo expressed interest in her Zimbabwean nationality, something the two of them had in common. “I thought it was just a matter of interest because we were from the same place. He’d talk and engage about it.” But the student soon started feeling uncomfortable. She claims the lecturer would often ask to see her in his office about academic issues, but these consultations quickly turned personal. “He would ask personal things like what I enjoyed doing on weekends and say we should meet up and get to know each other more.” The student quickly realised that the situation was inappropriate. “You can tell when a man is more interested in you than in the assignment,” she said. Like other students, she began to steer clear of the lecturer and avoided going in for any further consultations.
Comments on students’ appearance
A Wits Media Studies graduate says she was in her third year and struggling to understand course content and often consulted with Moyo. The student claims that during a consultation, he asked her why she dressed so modestly and told her how beautiful she looked. “This might be a simple gesture of appreciating ones looks, but now actually I think of it, it might’ve been a way for him to lure me in and make me ‘comfortable’”. The student claims the lecturer would stare at her during lectures instead of focusing on the whole class and she felt uncomfortable about seeing him for further consultations.
Students claim Moyo was not extremely persistent with his efforts and would stop his advances once they avoided him and avoided going in for consultations in his office.
*Media Studies is a separate department from Journalism and Media Studies
I was a third year student in Dr Last Moyo’s class when I walked up to him after a lecture to thank him for an informative session. He asked for my surname. That afternoon I received a Facebook message from him telling me that he liked my “maturity” and that I was “laid-back. He asked if we could be friends, a move that I felt was uncalled for.
I told him that I felt it was inappropriate behaviour and asked that we not make any further contact. He respected my wishes and I did not receive any more messages from him. But the next few lectures were uncomfortable and I worried that my decision would affect my academics. Not too long after this incident, I went to the department with a friend to fetch our essay scripts. We were due to write an exam soon and I was going to use my script to prepare. But after checking the pile of scripts multiple times with my friend and the administrator at the department, I realised that among the large pile of returned scripts, mine had gone missing. Knowing of the experiences of some of my classmates, and the Facebook messages I had received, I was reluctant to go into his office to look for my essay. I never did go into the consultation room to look for the essay; neither did I place a report of improper conduct with the department.
Like most girls I brushed it off. It was the end of term of my last year in Media Studies and I just thought it was something I would never have to deal with again.